REVIEW

Flying fines

Is the increase in fines for drones-intruders a sentence for the industry or the beginning of the clear rules system formation?
AUGUST, 30 / 2019 / 5 MINUTES
Фото вышки в Örnsköldsvik
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law according to which from July 26 this year for drone owners who violate the rules of airspace use, fines will increase tenfold. Previously, an individual would have to pay 2-5 thousand rubles, an official - 25-30 thousand. Now these amounts will be 20−50 thousand rubles in the first case, and 100−150 thousand in the second. It is worth mentioning that we are not talking about cases that entail criminal liability.
Draft bill No. 547,297–7 was postponed for almost six months. It should be adopted at the beginning of 2019; however, the draft law introduced to the State Duma last September provoked a sharp reaction from aircraft enthusiast. The petition published by them noted the UAS regulation imperfection. According to the authors of the petition, the fines increase, under these conditions, can become a repressive tool.
Wedding thing
According to Aerial Survey CEO Vyacheslav Barbasov, this law is not related to any global strategy for regulating industry rules, but at the same time, it provides fertile ground for unpleasant incidents.
«Weddings that rarely do without filming from drones today are regularly held in Tsaritsyno Park. Now any person in uniform can come up and collect tribute from these people,»
— Vyacheslav Barbasov commented on the situation for Sky Review.
«It is clear that no one wants to contact them, they prefer to "deal" at the same place.»
According to Vyacheslav Barbasov, if such incidents reach the court, this will create a collapse, since the UAS regulatory framework is still raw.
Vyacheslav Barbasov
Can a drone owner still protect himself? Vyacheslav Barbasov tells that there are few of such arrangements, but they exist. The recipe is the following - you need to know your rights well and use this knowledge when any incidents occur.
«If you have a certificate for UAV operation, insurance, a serial number on the device, permission for the flight, UAV Operators' courses confirmation, then this can be opposed to the claims, despite the fact that there is the lack of the document's legal force,»
— Vyacheslav Barbasov shared his advice.
ATM State Corporation's services help to drone operators too. There is a map in open access, with the promptly made airspace state's updates, except of special, primarily military facilities. So you can always make sure that you operate the drone within the open airspace.
«Today the Russian UAV market (not counting military drones) is 10 billion rubles a year. This is the budget of an average Russian company. There are fears that such laws will squeeze this market even more, and the industry will go deeper into the gray zone. Increasingly, organizations are afraid to acquire a drone to carry out their tasks and order such services. Recently, they began to be afraid to order services under the oppression of an incomprehensible regulatory framework around UAVs. These are not very good trends,»
— Vyacheslav Barbasov summed up.
Unified Approaches
However, not everyone sees the trick in tightening the rules. According to the aviation expert managing the Aviatim company, Vyacheslav Ilyushin, it's high time for the industry to introduce clear and transparent laws.
«Today, UAS is being used more and more actively, therefore security issues are beginning to play a decisive role,»
— He said in an interview with Sky Review.
«It is important to realize that the unmanned transport system formation is currently taking place, and it cannot exist without uniform rules.»
In his opinion, restrictions for remote drone pilots should act as a responsibility measure definition. UAS operators must be carefully trained for UAV control.
«In Soviet times, a person who got the driver's license for the first time could move along the highway at a speed of no more than 60 km / h. So here - the people who operate the drones must have limitations for some period,»
— Vyacheslav Ilyushin said.
According to the expert, the initiative to tighten fines is a common occurrence for Russian legislative practice.
«We have developed such a system that at first there is a ban, then comprehension and only after this - bringing to some common sense. The negative reaction of industry representatives is understandable - they have their own concerns. Therefore, it would be nice to take into account the expert community's opinion when developing such laws.»
Taming the UAV
When the increasing fines law was adopted in the first reading in the State Duma in January, this year, the government officials cited numerous drones violating the rules of the airspace use. According to the deputy head of the Ministry of Transport Nikolay Zakhryapin, in the period from 2015 to 2017, more than 1.3 thousand such violations were recorded. During the State Duma meeting, he said:
«There are some cases when drones were in the area of regular flights, and this really creates a danger to the safety of passengers. We would not like to bring the situation to the point where concrete examples of catastrophes arise that entailed the immediate measures adoption to strengthen regulation.»
According to the pilot with many years of experience and aviation expert Vyacheslav Zikeev, the drones-intruders' problem is more than relevant.
Vyacheslav Zikeev
«This is a very serious matter. Today the drones are an entertainment tool for many people. Even schoolchildren who are unlikely to understand what they are dealing with can use them,»
— He told to Sky Review.
«If the drone gets in the way of the manned aircraft, the pilot will see it at the very last moment, when it is already impossible to complete the maneuver and avoid the collision. So what happens after that with the aircraft can be understood from corresponding videos in the internet.»
It is worth noting that currently in all countries the issue of of drones regulation is an acute one. For example, recently in Japan a law was passed banning the UAVs' operation while intoxicated. And in England the introduction of age restrictions on the drones operations was announced.
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